Local health authorities in Beijing confirmed two pneumonic plague cases on Tuesday.
The patients are from XilinGol League, in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, and have received proper medical treatment in medical institutions in Beijing's Chaoyang district, and disease control and prevention measures have been carried out, the district health commission said Tuesday.
The plague can transmit through air and is considered as a most dangerous infectious disease by China's health authorities.
The death rate from plague is almost 100 percent if not treated quickly. Patients can display symptoms such as high fever, severe headache and fall into unconsciousness.
The pneumonic form may occur following an initial bubonic or septicemic plague infection. It may also result from breathing in airborne droplets from another person or cat infected with pneumonic plague. The difference between the forms of plague is the location of infection; in pneumonic plague the infection is in the lungs, in bubonic plague the lymph nodes and in septicemic plague within the blood. Diagnosis is by testing the blood, sputum, or fluid from a lymph node.
Prevention is by avoiding contact with infected rodents, people, or cats. It is recommended that those infected be isolated from others.Treatment of pneumonic plague is with antibiotics
Plague is present among rodents in Africa, the Americas, and Asia. Pneumonic plague is more serious and less common than other types. Untreated pneumonic plague has a mortality of nearly 100%.
Prior to this case reported on Tuesday, the People's Republic of China had eradicated the pneumonic plague from most parts of the country, but still reports occasional cases in remote Western areas where the disease is carried by rats and the marmots that live across the Himalayan plateau.
A 2006 WHO report from an international meeting on plague cited a Chinese government disease expert as saying that most cases of the plague in China's northwest occur when hunters are contaminated while skinning infected animals.
The expert said at the time that due to the region's remoteness, the disease killed more than half the infected people. The report also said that since the 1990s, there was a rise in plague cases in humans—from fewer than 10 in the 1980s to nearly 100 cases in 1996 and 254 in 2000. In September 2008, two people in east Tibet died of pneumonic plague.
On August 2, 2009, Chinese authorities quarantined the town of Ziketan, Xinghai Ciounty in Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Qinghai Province (Northwestern China) after an outbreak of pneumonic plague. The town was sealed off and several people died as a result of the disease. There have been sporadic cases reported around the country in the last few years so the authorities do have the experience to deal with this.
In September 2010, five cases of pneumonic plague were reported in Tibet.
In July 2014, Chinese media reported one case found in Gansu.
Since 2002, the World Health Organization (WHO) has reported seven plague outbreaks, though some may go unreported because they often happen in remote areas. Ninety-eight percent of the world's cases occur in Africa.
Take extra care and wear mask when around crowded places.
Winter time is known for bringing colds and flus and take note of symptoms.
Source ChinaNews/ Expanded by Zekey
BREAKING|Coronavirus; South Africa's first positive case of Covid-19 confirmed